Bhadohi, also known as the carpet city, is a traditional hub of carpet making in India. The town is located in the eastern part of Uttar Pardesh and is the biggest carpet producing area in South Asia. The carpets produced in this area is famous Internationally. In bhadohi, not only woolen carpet are being made but twisted cotton threads are also used for producing handmade carpets. Woolen yards are known as aange and cotton threads are called soot in the area. The process of carpet making in Bhadohi involves many steps, namely picking and sorting, carding and spinning, dyeing, weaving, trimming and washing. Now-a-days, only a few weavers do this task of carding and spinning themselves while most of them buy ready-made woolen yarn from woolen mills. The yarns are dyed in different colors as per the desired design, latest market trends or clients’ preferences. These yarns are then weaved into carpets on looms usually present in weavers’ homes. Most of the weavers have their own looms while some take weaving looms on rent on contract basis. Some of the most famous types of carpets of Bhadohi are dhurries, shaggy carpets, Indo Gabbeh, Loribaft, Chhapra Mir carpets, Nepalese carpets, etc.which are available at moderate costs and customized forms.
The carpet industry plays a major role in upgrading the economical conditions of the city. The industry employs more than 23 lakhs rural artisans in Bhadohi. The carpet production in Bhadohi contributes for more than 80% of the total carpet production in India. Carpet industry is export oriented; out of the total export percentage, approximately 95 % consists of hand-knotted carpets from Bhadohi. These carpets are available in a range of quality from medium to high quality. The quality of hand-knotted carpets are being determined by the numbers of knots per square inch. India is one of the leading producers and exporters of carpets in the World.
The artisans based in Bhadohi produce various types of carpets. These carpets are available in very high to medium costs, one can make the selection according to his budget. Customized carpets are also being produced in the area according to the demand and preferences of specific customers. Out of the total production, 60% are the knotted carpets, 25% are tufted carpets, 10% are shaggy carpets and 5% are dhurries. Indian Institute of Carpet technology in Bhadohi, is an unique institute in whole Asia offering courses related to carpet and textile.
USA, UK, Canada and many European countries are the major markets for Indian carpets. The total value of export of handmade carpet from India was around USD 1,080.90 million in the year 2012-13. The carpet production in Bhadohi region also received the GI (Geographical Indication) tag in 2010. China, Pakistan, Turkey and Nepal are the other major producers of carpets in the World.